|Vista do Marins, na Serra da Mantiqueira|
Foto: Gerson Santos – Copyright
Abaixo, a íntegra da carta, em inglês:
The Brazilian Adirondacks?
|Cordilheira Adirondacks no outono.|
Foto: Michael Melford, National Geographic
In 2006, the Brazilian Ministry of the Environment created the Mantiqueira Mosaic, a network of public and private conservation units, to enhance biological conservation and local welfare. However, the implementation of most conservation units has been delayed and many still lack a management plan. For instance, the creation of the largest park (Parque Nacional Altos da Mantiqueira), which will cover 86,000 hectares of high peaks, has been stalled since 2010. Brazil’s booming economy, and the 40% predicted increase in agricultural land use in the next decade, will pose serious threats to the remaining ~10% of the Brazilian Atlantic Forest.
In the 19th century, the Adirondack Mountains, adjacent to New York City and Albany (8.4 million inhabitants), faced a strikingly similar scenario due to logging and mining activities, leading to creation of the Adirondack Park in 1892. Along with the Algonquin Provincial Park in Canada, the Adirondacks serve as a key wildlife corridor in North America. Adirondack Park successfully manages an integrated mosaic of private and publicly owned lands, supports sustainable land use, regulates recreational activities, and promotes ecotourism and education.
The conservation challenges for the Mantiqueira range and Adirondacks are similar, despite being proposed more than a century apart. The future of Brazil’s most prominent mountain chain as wilderness now depends on accelerated implementation of the conservation network by the Brazilian Federal Government so that the Mantiqueira Mosaic can promote biodiversity conservation and environmental stewardship through sustainable land use and citizen access.
C. Guilherme Becker, David Rodriguez, Kelly R. Zamudio
Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY 14850, USA.
Fonte: Herton Escobar em sua coluna no Estadão e Science 26 April 2013: Vol. 340 no. 6131 pp. 428 DOI:10.1126/science.340.6131.428-a
Vamos discutir mais sobre o assunto?
E você leitor(a)? Conhece a Serra da Mantiqueira? Conte-nos um pouco da sua opinião sobre a importância da conservação desse lugar único, deixe o seu comentário.